TK modeling in support of IND-enabling GLP studies

Drug Candidate Evaluation
Product Development
Clinical Services
Central Laboratories and Testing


Toxicokinetics is the generation of pharmacokinetic data as part of non-clinical toxicology studies.  In the toxicokinetic phase of the studies, the bioanalytical data for the test article and metabolites, if applicable, are used to assess the systemic exposure of the test article and its metabolites.

Frontage scientists conduct toxicokinetic analysis for the bioanalytical (BA) data generated from plasma sample analysis from IND-enabling GLP toxicology studies and prepare a comprehensive QA-audited TK report for inclusion in the main study report.

Toxicokinetics - Toxicokinetics

At Frontage, toxicokinetic parameters are calculated using validated, state-of-the-art pharmacokinetic software to determine the peak plasma concentration, time to achieve peak plasma concentration, the half-life, and the area under the plasma concentration curve (Cmax, Tmax, T1/2, and AUC) are typically determined.  Dose proportionality, gender differences, and accumulation are assessed

Advantages of Frontage TK Analysis

  • Use of fully validated Phoenix WinNonlin software for calculations
  • 20 years of TK modeling experience in support of IND-enabling GLP toxicology studies for wide variety of clients and therapeutic areas worldwide
  • TK scientists work directly with toxicology study directors
  • Seamless integration with internal bioanalytical facilities across Frontage sites
  • SEND capability for TK and BA data